This article is about women. Menopause typically occurs between 49 and 52 years the wisdom of menopause pdf age. Medical professionals often define menopause as having occurred when a woman has not had any vaginal bleeding for a year.
Following the removal of the uterus, symptoms typically occur earlier, at an average of 45 years of age. Hot flashes often stop occurring after a year or two. The severity of symptoms varies between women. Menopause is usually a natural change.
While typically not needed, a diagnosis of menopause can be confirmed by measuring hormone levels in the blood or urine. Specific treatment is not usually needed. Some symptoms, however, may be improved with treatment. With respect to hot flashes, avoiding smoking, caffeine, and alcohol is often recommended. Sleeping in a cool room and using a fan may help. Exercise may help with sleeping problems. While MHT was once routinely prescribed, it is now only recommended in those with significant symptoms, as there are concerns about side effects.