Styles of conflict resolution pdf

Dimensions of resolution typically parallel styles of conflict resolution pdf dimensions of conflict in the way the conflict is processed. Cognitive resolution is the way disputants understand and view the conflict, with beliefs and perspectives and understandings and attitudes. Emotional resolution is in the way disputants feel about a conflict, the emotional energy.

Behavioral resolution is how one thinks the disputants act, their behavior. Furthermore, the concept of conflict resolution can be thought to encompass the use of nonviolent resistance measures by conflicted parties in an attempt to promote effective resolution. Conflict resolution as an academic field is relatively new. According to the model, group members balance their concern for satisfying personal needs and interests with their concern for satisfying the needs and interests of others in different ways. The intersection of these two dimensions ultimately leads individuals towards exhibiting different styles of conflict resolution. By neglecting to address high-conflict situations, avoiders risk allowing problems to fester out of control. This passive pro-social approach emerges when individuals derive personal satisfaction from meeting the needs of others and have a general concern for maintaining stable, positive social relationships.

When faced with conflict, individuals with a yielding conflict style tend to harmonize into others’ demands out of respect for the social relationship. Compromisers value fairness and, in doing so, anticipate mutual give-and-take interactions. By accepting some demands put forth by others, compromisers believe this agreeableness will encourage others to meet them halfway, thus promoting conflict resolution. During conflict, cooperators collaborate with others in an effort to find an amicable solution that satisfies all parties involved in the conflict. Individuals using this type of conflict style tend to be both highly assertive and highly empathetic.

According to the literature on conflict resolution, a cooperative conflict resolution style is recommended above all others. This resolution may be achieved by lowering the aggressors guard whilst raising the ego. Conflict resolution is an expanding field of professional practice, both in the U. The escalating costs of conflict have increased use of third parties who may serve as a conflict specialists to resolve conflicts. In fact, relief and development organizations have added peace-building specialists to their teams. Furthermore, this expansion of the field has resulted in the need for conflict resolution practitioners to work in a variety of settings such as in businesses, court systems, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions serving throughout the world. In these contexts, direct communication between disputants that explicitly addresses the issues at stake in the conflict can be perceived as very rude, making the conflict worse and delaying resolution.

Intercultural conflicts are often the most difficult to resolve because the expectations of the disputants can be very different, and there is much occasion for misunderstanding. Instead of creating distance between the individuals, primates tend to be more intimate in the period after an aggressive incident. Different types of primates, as well as many other species who live in groups, display different types of conciliatory behaviour. These findings contradict previous existing theories about the general function of aggression, i.

Until recently, the literature dealing with reconciliation in non-primates have consisted of anecdotal observations and very little quantitative data. Universities worldwide offer programs of study pertaining to conflict research, analysis, and practice. PACS can be taken as an Honours, 4-year general, or 3-year general major, joint major, minor, and diploma. Grebel also offers an interdisciplinary Master of Peace and Conflict Studies professional program. Scheinman Institute on Conflict Resolution, which offers undergraduate, graduate, and professional training on conflict resolution. MA in Conflict Transformation degree, and several graduate certificates.

BA, BS, MS, and PhD degrees in Conflict Analysis and Resolution, as well as an undergraduate minor, graduate certificates, and joint degree programs. Resolution, which is offered in both online and on-campus formats. Many students completing a doctoral program enter the field as researchers, theorists, analysts, policy makers and professors in higher education. Conflict resolution is a growing area of interest in UK pedagogy, with teachers and students both encouraged to learn about mechanisms that lead to aggressive action, and those that lead to peaceful resolution. Conflict Resolution, Jamia Millia Islamia New Delhi is one of the first centers for peace and conflict resolution to be established at an Indian university. It offers a two-year full-time MA course in Conflict Analysis and Peace-Building, as well as a PhD in Conflict and Peace Studies. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.