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Stilt fishing is one of the traditional fishing methods in Sri Lanka. It cannot be found in any other part of the world. Sri Lanka in the late 4th century. Sri Lanka to be the “best island of its size in the world”.
Sri Lanka’s capital city of Colombo was the world’s fastest growing tourist city in 2015. 1937 when the Ceylon Tourist Bureau was established. Ceylon Tourist Board which took over the function of the Tourist Bureau. More formal recognition for the country’s tourism sector was given with the enactment of Act No. This provided the legislation for the establishment of Ceylon Tourist Board. Since then the Ceylon Tourist Board has functioned as the state agency, responsible for development and promotion of the tourism sector in Sri Lanka. In October 2007 according to Section 2 of the Tourism Act No.
Currently Sri Lanka Tourism Development Authority has classified Sri Lanka into several resort regions suitable for tourism development. Colombo serves as both a gateway and stopover point for international tourists. The zone has been divided into two main regions. When the government decided to develop the tourism sector as a separate sector of the country’s economy by establishing the Ceylon Tourist Bureau in 1966, there were 18,969 foreign tourist arrivals in Sri Lanka. There was an upward trend of tourist arrivals until 1982, with the exception of 1971. The tourist traffic in 1982 showed that there was a remarkable growth in number of tourists, with 407,230 arrivals.
1983, the growth of tourist arrivals declined and stagnated to around 300,000 – 500,000 arrivals annually. In 2009 the tourist arrivals numbered 448,000, and in 2015, 1,798,380, showing over 300 percent growth in six years. There is a significant domestic tourist segment making excursions in Sri Lanka. In 2014 six million Sri Lankans traveled within the country as domestic tourists.
The main purposes of travel by the domestic tourists are pilgrimage, family holiday, study works, and sightseeing. Domestic tourism is noticeable during school vacations and on weekends. Tourist attractions are classifiable as natural or anthropogenic. Natural attractions include nature spots, flora and fauna, and places with a pleasant climate. Many species of flora and fauna are indigenous to Sri Lanka. This has made the island a country with the highest rates of biological endemism in the world.
Sri Lanka’s national parks have been become popular tourist destinations. Sri Lanka possesses nearly 1600 km coastlines with tropical beaches which are popular among both local and foreign tourists. Department of National Zoological Gardens. The gardens have become attractive places among local and foreign visitors. Heritage tourism involves visiting historical sites.