Prostate cancer review pdf

A table showing the percentage of men who will get prostate cancer prostate cancer review pdf different time periods, based on the man’s current age. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported by your browser. For this reason, some items on this page will be unavailable. What Are the Risk Factors? What Screening Tests Are There? What Are the Benefits and Harms of Screening? How Is Prostate Cancer Diagnosed? How Is Prostate Cancer Treated?

The risk of getting prostate cancer increases with age. The time periods are based on the man’s current age. For example, go to current age 60. 60 years old will get prostate cancer sometime during the next 10 years. That is, 5 or 6 out of every 100 men who are 60 years old today will get prostate cancer by the age of 70. November 2014 SEER data submission, posted to the SEER Web site, April 2015.

How to Recognize Prostate Cancer Symptoms. Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men in the United States. The average age at the time of diagnosis is about 66 years old, with about six cases in 10 diagnosed in men aged 65 or older and very few diagnosed before age 40. Prostate cancer can have no symptoms at all and there is no definitive screening protocol for cancer, due to false positives and false negatives among current screening tests. If you are worried about prostate cancer, learn to recognize the symptoms and increase your awareness around testing and the stages of prostate cancer so that you get treatment as quickly as possible. Identify the symptoms of early prostate cancer. Document any symptoms you notice, so that you can tell your doctor about them.

These symptoms are not definitive proof that you have prostate cancer, but they should be a signal to you that you need to get screened by a doctor. Pay attention to your urination cycles. Changes in urination cycles — both drastic and gradual — may indicate prostate cancer. Due to its location, the mass from cancer can push up against your urethra or bladder, preventing normal flow of urine. This is called a weak or slow flow.

Wanting to go to the bathroom but no urine comes out. The mass from the prostate may have blocked off the urethra or bladder opening to the urethra. Having the urge to urinate more at night or waking up with the feeling. Since the mass obstructs urine outlet, your bladder may not empty entirely during the day. So when you are sleeping the bladder it fills up faster due to the urine previously there. Be aware of burning when you urinate.

When urine passes through it irritates and causes a burning pain through the urethra. When the prostate is inflamed from an infection, this is called prostatitis. Due to the enlarging mass from prostate cancer new blood vessels may form and many others may get injured. Blood in urine is known as hematuria. When this occurs the inflammation of the prostate can irritate the gland upon ejaculation causing painful orgasms. Urinary tract infections, BPH, and prostatitis will not present with metastatic signs of cancer.

There are a variety of symptoms that can go along with advanced prostate cancer. You should keep an eye out for these if you are at risk of prostate cancer or have had it in the past. Pay attention to unexplained nausea, vomiting, constipation, and confusion. Prostate cancer can attach to bone causing a deep bone pain, weakness, and eventually broken bones. The calcium from the bone can empty in the blood leading to increased levels causing nausea, vomiting, constipation and confusion. Prostate cancer can spread to the lymph nodes. These nodes are located throughout the body including around the pelvic area.

They help filter and empty out fluid into the blood. When these become blocked by cancer tissue they will enlarge and cause swelling of the area. Look for swelling in your extremities such as the legs or arms. If you think one side is affected compare it to the other side. Prostate cancer can spread to the lungs.

Look for a cough that cannot be treated with over-the-counter remedies or antibiotics, chest pain that may be throughout or isolated to an area, shortness of breath and coughing up blood. The cancer interrupts normal lung functioning, leading to damage and inflammation of the tissue and arteries. Watch for a combination of symptoms that may indicate prostate cancer. Difficulty walking, headaches, sensation loss on certain parts of my body, memory loss, and trouble holding urine — when experienced together — can be signs of advanced cancer. The most common cancer spread to the brain from the prostate is called Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis.

Pay attention to back pain and tenderness to touch. Prostate cancer can spread to the spinal cord. This can lead to compression of the spinal column causing back pain, tenderness and muscle weakness with or without sensation loss. Neurological problems may arise such as urinary retention or, less frequently, bladder or bowel incontinence. Watch for bleeding from the rectum while going to the bathroom. This can be a sign that cancer has spread to the rectum. Case studies have documented prostate cancer can spread to the rectum due to its close proximity.