Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. This is because it tends to deteriorate over power transformer testing pdf. Thus, the dielectric quality of transformer oil is essential to secure operation of a transformer.
As transformer oil deteriorates through aging and moisture ingress, transformer oil should, depending on economics, transformer duty and other factors, be tested periodically. Through such testing, transformers’ life can be substantially increased, thus delaying new investment of replacement transformer assets. Recently time-consuming testing procedures in test labs have been replaced by on-site oil testing procedures. There are various manufacturers of portable oil testers. With low weight devices in the range of 20 to 40 kg, tests up to 100 kV rms can be performed and reported on-site automatically.
Some of them are even battery-powered and come with accessories. The lower the resulting breakdown voltage, the poorer the quality of the transformer oil. The transformer oil is filled in the vessel of the testing device. Two standard-compliant test electrodes with a typical clearance of 2. 5 mm are surrounded by the dielectric oil. An instant after ignition of the arc, the test voltage is switched off automatically by the testing device.
Ultra fast switch off is highly desirable, as the carbonisation due to the electric arc must be limited to keep the additional pollution as low as possible. After the transformer oil test is completed, the insulation oil is stirred automatically and the test sequence is performed repeatedly: typically 5 repetitions, depending on the standard. As a result the breakdown voltage is calculated as mean value of the individual measurements. New York, NY : Dekker.
Transformer Oil Detoriation – Why is transformer oil purification essential? Mineral insulating oil in transformers”. This page was last edited on 4 December 2017, at 09:38. This article is about the electrical device. Power can be transferred between the two coils through the magnetic field, without a metallic connection between the two circuits.
Transformers are used to increase or decrease the alternating voltages in electric power applications. A wide range of transformer designs is encountered in electronic and electric power applications. A varying current in the transformer’s primary winding creates a varying magnetic flux in the transformer core and a varying magnetic field impinging on the secondary winding. This varying magnetic field at the secondary winding induces a varying EMF or voltage in the secondary winding due to electromagnetic induction.
EMF always opposes development of any such change in magnetic field. The transformer winding voltage ratio is thus shown to be directly proportional to the winding turns ratio according to eq. However, some sources use the inverse definition. Leakage flux that escapes from the core and passes through one winding only resulting in primary and secondary reactive impedance. An illustration of parasitic capacitance in a transformer.