The Home of the 4 Hour Investor Grade Business Plan. Are philosophies of art and beauty pdf art forms beautiful, disgusting, or boring in the same way? Judgments of aesthetic value rely on our ability to discriminate at a sensory level.
Aesthetic judgments usually go beyond sensory discrimination. Essays Moral Political and Literary. Indianapolis, Literary Classics 5, 1987. Judgments of beauty are sensory, emotional and intellectual all at once. Viewer interpretations of beauty may on occasion be observed to possess two concepts of value: aesthetics and taste. Aesthetics is the philosophical notion of beauty. Taste is a result of an education process and awareness of elite cultural values learned through exposure to mass culture.
Bourdieu examined how the elite in society define the aesthetic values like taste and how varying levels of exposure to these values can result in variations by class, cultural background, and education. However, one may not be able to pin down these qualities in a work of art. Judgments of aesthetical values seem often to involve many other kinds of issues as well. Aesthetic judgments may be linked to emotions or, like emotions, partially embodied in our physical reactions. These unconscious reactions may even be partly constitutive of what makes our judgment a judgment that the landscape is sublime. Likewise, aesthetic judgments may be culturally conditioned to some extent. Aesthetic judgments can often be very fine-grained and internally contradictory.
Likewise aesthetic judgments seem often to be at least partly intellectual and interpretative. It is what a thing means or symbolizes for us that is often what we are judging. Mary Mothersill, “Beauty and the Critic’s Judgment”, in The Blackwell Guide to Aesthetics, 2004. Thus aesthetic judgments might be seen to be based on the senses, emotions, intellectual opinions, will, desires, culture, preferences, values, subconscious behaviour, conscious decision, training, instinct, sociological institutions, or some complex combination of these, depending on exactly which theory one employs. A third major topic in the study of aesthetic judgments is how they are unified across art forms. What characteristics do they share which give them that status?