17th and early 18th centuries. Hopeful of the imminent return of Christ, the founding Brethren abandoned the established Reformed and Lutheran churches, forming a new church in 1708 natural church development schwarz pdf their apocalyptic hopes were still unfulfilled.
Christianity as the binding standard for congregational practices. Baptist groups with which they had no formal ties. Christianity revealed in the New Testament, so they rejected established liturgy, including infant baptism and existing Eucharistic practices. Christians who would fellowship together in purity and love, awaiting Christ’s return. A notable influence was Ernest Christopher Hochmann von Hochenau, a traveling Pietist minister. Mack invited Hochmann to come and minister there.
Like others who influenced the Brethren, Hochmann considered the pure church to be spiritual, and did not believe that an organized church was necessary. 1729, when all but a handful emigrated to America, in three separate groups from 1719 to 1733. German, the first published in a European language in North America. Their language therefore was or soon became what today is called “Pennsylvania Dutch” or better “Pennsylvania German”.