Asian cuisines and also as medicinal lemon grass cultivation pdf in India. It is also suitable for use with poultry, fish, beef, and seafood. Because of this, lemongrass oil can be used as a lure when trapping swarms or attempting to draw the attention of hived bees. Besides oil production, citronella grass is also used for culinary purposes, as a flavoring.
Antifungal activity by lemongrass essential oils. Neurobehavioral effect of essential oil of Cymbopogon citratus in mice”. Leite JR, Seabra Mde L, Maluf E, et al. Assessment of eventual toxic, hypnotic and anxiolytic effects on humans”.
Allergic contact dermatitis following exposure to essential oils”. This page was last edited on 24 November 2017, at 01:09. Other common names are sweet verbena tree, sweet verbena myrtle, lemon scented verbena, and lemon scented backhousia. Lemon scented myrtle” was the primary common name until the shortened trade name, “lemon myrtle”, was created by the native foods industry to market the leaf for culinary use.
Lemon myrtle is now the more common name for the plant and its products. It is the highest natural source of citral. Queen of the lemon herbs”. The leaf is often used as dried flakes, or in the form of an encapsulated flavour essence for enhanced shelf-life. The oil is a popular ingredient in health care and cleaning products, especially soaps, lotions, skin-whitening preparations and shampoos. Lemon myrtle is a cultivated ornamental plant. It can be grown from tropical to warm temperate climates, and may handle cooler districts provided it can be protected from frost when young.
The principal attraction to gardeners is the lemon smell which perfumes both the leaves and flowers of the tree. Lemon myrtle is a hardy plant which tolerates all but the poorest drained soils. It can be slow growing but responds well to slow release fertilisers. Seedling lemon myrtle go through a shrubby, slow juvenile growth stage, before developing a dominant trunk. Lemon myrtle can also be propagated from cutting, but is slow to strike. Growing cuttings from mature trees bypasses the shrubby juvenile stage. Cutting propagation is also used to provide a consistent product in commercial production.
In plantation cultivation the tree is typically maintained as a shrub by regular harvesting from the top and sides. Mechanical harvesting is used in commercial plantations. It is important to retain some lower branches when pruning for plant health. A 2009 study has suggested that drying lemon myrtle leaves at higher temperatures improves the citral content of the dried leaves, but discolours the leaves more.
Myrtle rust severely damages new growth and threatens lemon myrtle production. Bush Tucker Supply Pty Ltd, produced by Russel and Sharon Costin, Limpinwood Gardens. Queensland, by Australian Native Lemon Myrtle Ltd. Toona Essential Oils pty Ltd.