History of art the western tradition pdf

1000 AD to the present. 6th century AD to the present day, which includes the Classical period and various other periods. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. 1900s, it is history of art the western tradition pdf to list characteristics that can be attributed to all works of that type.

The use of written notation also preserves a record of the works and enables Classical musicians to perform music from many centuries ago. That said, the score does allow the interpreter to make choices on how to perform a historical work. Baroque era to the Romantic era, there are examples of performers who could improvise in the style of their era. Johann Sebastian Bach was particularly noted for his complex improvisations. During the Classical era, the composer-performer Mozart was noted for his ability to improvise melodies in different styles. During the Romantic era, Beethoven would improvise at the piano.

The concert band consists of members of the woodwind, brass, and percussion families. It generally has a larger variety and number of woodwind and brass instruments than the orchestra but does not have a string section. Renaissance and subsequent periods, which used multiple independent vocal melodies at the same time. Many of the instruments used to perform medieval music still exist, but in different forms.

13th and early 14th century. As in the modern day, instruments may be classified as brass, strings, percussion, and woodwind. Some instruments from previous eras fell into disuse, such as the shawm and the wooden cornet. One major difference between Baroque music and the classical era that followed it is that the types of instruments used in Baroque ensembles were much less standardized. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. This section is about the more specific meaning. Baroque trumpet, which transitioned to the regular valved trumpet.

1750s and 1760s, it fell out of use in the end of the century. For example, while a Baroque orchestra may have had two double bass players, a Romantic orchestra could have as many as ten. As music grew more expressive, the standard orchestral palette just wasn’t rich enough for many Romantic composers. The operative word most associated with it is “innovation”.