Activist groups have also found his theories compelling. Foucault power knowledge pdf was developing called “archaeology”. France to die from the disease. Family tradition prescribed naming him after his father, Dr.
Paul” at school, he expressed a preference for “Michel” throughout his life. Poitiers, where he set up his own practice and married local woman Anne Malapert. She was the daughter of prosperous surgeon Dr. And in order to ingratiate myself with this boy who was very beautiful, I began to do his homework for him—and that’s how I became smart, I had to do all this work to just keep ahead of him a little bit, in order to help him.
In a sense, all the rest of my life I’ve been trying to do intellectual things that would attract beautiful boys. In later life, Foucault would reveal very little about his childhood. Describing himself as a “juvenile delinquent”, he claimed his father was a “bully” who would sternly punish him. In 1930 Foucault began his schooling, two years early, at the local Lycée Henry-IV. He then undertook his first four years of secondary education at the same establishment, excelling in French, Greek, Latin and history but doing poorly at arithmetic and mathematics.
Lonely, he described his years there as an “ordeal”, but he excelled academically, particularly in philosophy, history and literature. These ideas influenced Foucault, who adopted Hyppolite’s conviction that philosophy must develop through a study of history. Of the hundred students entering the ENS, Foucault was ranked fourth based on his entry results, and encountered the highly competitive nature of the institution. Like most of his classmates, he was housed in the school’s communal dormitories on the Parisian Rue d’Ulm. He remained largely unpopular, spending much time alone, reading voraciously.
Obsessed with the idea of self-mutilation and suicide, Foucault attempted the latter several times in ensuing years, praising suicide in later writings. The ENS’s doctor examined Foucault’s state of mind, suggesting that his suicidal tendencies emerged from the distress surrounding his homosexuality, because same-sex sexual activity was socially taboo in France. He left the Communist Party in 1953, but remained Althusser’s friend and defender for the rest of his life. In the early 1950s, Foucault came under the influence of German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, who remained a core influence on his work throughout his life. Over the following few years, Foucault embarked on a variety of research and teaching jobs. From 1951 to 1955, he worked as a psychology instructor at the ENS at Althusser’s invitation.